Euclid’s work ought to have been any educationist’s nightmare… it never offers any “motivations ” it has no illuminating “asides ” it does not attempt to make anything “intuitive ” and it avoids “applications” to a fault. It is so “humorless” in its mathematical purism that… …it should have been spurned by students and “progressive” teachers in every generation. But it nevertheless survived intact all the turmoils ravages and illiteracies of the dissolving Roman Empire of the early Dark Ages of the Crusades and of the plagues and famines of the later Middle Ages. ~ Salomon Bochner 1899 – 1982 - Mathematician
Find the number such that if the whole of it is added to one-seventh of it the result will be nineteen. ~ The Ahmes Papyrus Ancient Egyptian mathematics problem from c. 2200 BC
Henry Maudslay (1771–1831) UK – screw-cutting lathe bench micrometer.
Kary Mullis (born 1944) USA – PCR.
George Westinghouse (1846–1914) USA – Air brake (rail).
Adolphe Kégresse (1879–1943) France/Russia – Kégresse track (first half-track and first off-road vehicle with continuous track) dual clutch transmission.
Hovannes Adamian (1879–1932) Armenia/Russia – tricolor principle of the color television.
Gerhard Sessler (born 1931) Germany – foil electret microphone silicon microphone.
Antonio Meucci (1808–1889) Italy/USA– a.o. various early telephones a hygrometer a milk test.
Gustaf Erik Pasch (1788–1862) Sweden – safety match.
Alexander Bereznyak (1912–1974) Russia – first rocket-powered fighter aircraft BI-1 (together with Isaev).
Ali Kashmiri ibn Luqman (fl.1589–1590) Mughal India – seamless globe and celestial globe.
Jean-Joseph Etienne Lenoir (1822–1900) Belgium – internal combustion engine motorboat.
Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot (1725–1804) France – first steam-powered road vehicle.
Auguste Piccard (1884–1962) Switzerland – Bathyscaphe.
Felix Hoffmann (Bayer) (1868–1949) Germany – Aspirin.
Jagdish Chandra Bose (1858–1937) India – Crescograph.
Toshitada Doi (born 1943) Japan together with Joop Sinjou Netherlands – Compact disc.
Anastase Dragomir (1896–1966) Romania – Ejection seat.
Robert Feulgen (1884–1955) Germany – Feulgen stain (histology).
Franz Joseph Emil Fischer (1877–1947) together with Hans Tropsch (1889–1935) Germany – Fischer–Tropsch process (refinery process).
George H. Heilmeier (born 1936) USA – liquid crystal display (LCD).
All of physics is either impossible or trivial. It is impossible until you understand it and then it becomes trivial. ~ Ernest Rutherford 1871 to 1937
The country which is in advance of the rest of the world in chemistry will also be foremost in wealth and in general prosperity. ~ William Ramsay - 1852 to 1916
Chemistry is necessarily an experimental science: its conclusions are drawn from data and its principles supported by evidence from facts. ~ Michael Faraday - 1791 to 1867
Outstanding examples of genius – a Mozart a Shakespeare or a Carl Friedrich Gauss – are markers on the path along which our species appears destined to tread. - Fred Hoyle 1915 to 2001 Astrophysicist
Understanding the history of matter and searching for its most interesting forms such as galaxies stars planets and life seems a suitable use for our intelligence. - Robert Kirshner 1949 to present Astronomer
In practical applications we are concerned only with comparatively small numbers; only stellar astronomy and atomic physics deal with ‘large’ numbers and they have very little more practical importance as yet than the most abstract pure mathematics. ~ G. H. Hardy 1877 – 1947 - Mathematician
I see some parallels between the shifts of fashion in mathematics and in music. In music the popular new styles of jazz and rock became fashionable a little earlier than the new mathematical styles of chaos and complexity theory. Jazz and rock were long despised by classical musicians but have emerged as art-forms more accessible than classical music to a wide section of the public. Jazz and rock are no longer to be despised as passing fads. Neither are chaos and complexity theory. But still classical music and classical mathematics are not dead. Mozart lives and so does Euler. When the wheel of fashion turns once more quantum mechanics and hard analysis will once again be in style. ~ Freeman Dyson b. 1923 - Mathematician and Physicist
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