No two electrons in the same state? That is why atoms are so unnecessarily big and why metal and stone are so bulky. (Explaining that atoms are as large as they are because of Wolfgang Pauli’s Principle.) ~ Paul Ehrenfest 1880 – 1933
The chemists are a strange class of mortals impelled by an almost insane impulse to seek their pleasures amid smoke and vapor soot and flame poisons and poverty; yet among all these evils I seem to live so sweetly that may I die if I were to change places with the Persian king. ~ Johann Joachim Becher - 1635 to 1682
Harold D. Kraft (c. 1960) together with Jack A. Kraft (c. 1960) USA – Vortex mixer.
Enrico Fermi (1901–1954) Italy – nuclear reactor.
John Roebuck (1718–1794) UK – lead chamber process for sulfuric acid synthesis.
Vint Cerf (born 1943) together with Bob Kahn (1938–) USA – Internet Protocol (IP).
Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī (973–1048) Persia/Iran – mechanical geared lunisolar calendar laboratory and surveying equipment..
Albert Bruce Sabin (1906–1993) USA – oral Polio vaccine.
Nicolas Appert (1749–1841) France – canning (food preservation) using glass bottles see also Peter Durand.
Ole Kirk Christiansen (1891–1958) Denmark – creator of LEGO.
Nils Bohlin (1920–2002) Sweden – the three-point seat belt.
Bryan Donkin (1768–1855) UK – print industry composition roller.
Alexander Popov (1859–1906) Russia – lightning detector (the first lightning prediction system and radio receiver) co-inventor of radio.
Sylvester Marsh (1803–1884) USA – Marsh rack railway system.
Edward Teller (1908–2003) Hungary – hydrogen bomb.
Félix d'Herelle (1873–1949) together with Giorgi Eliava (1892–1937) France / Georgia – Phage therapy.
Igor Kurchatov (1903–1960) Russia – first nuclear power plant first nuclear reactors for submarines and surface ships.
Otto Lilienthal (1848–1896) Germany – hang glider.
Alexander Fleming (1881–1955) Scotland – penicillin.
Michael Faraday (1791–1867) UK – electric transformer electric motor.
James Leonard Plimpton (1828–1911) USA – roller skates.
Michele Ferrero (1925–2015) Italy – Kinder Surprise = Kinder Eggs Nutella.
Physics is littered with the corpses of dead unified field theories. ~ Freeman Dyson b. 1923
Outstanding examples of genius – a Mozart a Shakespeare or a Carl Friedrich Gauss – are markers on the path along which our species appears destined to tread. - Fred Hoyle 1915 to 2001 Astrophysicist
Physics is actually too hard for physicists. ~ David Hilbert 1862 to 1943 (Mathematician)
A fact acquires its true and full value only through the idea which is developed from it. - Justus von Liebig 1803 to 1873 Chemist
Suppose we have an unknown number of objects. When counted in threes 2 are left over when counted in fives 3 are left over and when counted in sevens 2 are left over. How many objects are there? ~ Sunzi The Mathematical Classic of Sunzi - Chinese mathematics problem from c. 450 AD
It is thus probable that germs of the lowest organisms known to us are continually being carried away from the earth and the other planets upon which they exist. As seeds in general so most of these spores thus carried away will no doubt meet death in the cold infinite space of the universe. Yet a small number of spores will fall on some other world and may there be able to spread life if conditions be suitable. ~ Svante Arrhenius 1859 to 1927 - Physical Chemist
A physicist is an atom’s way of knowing about atoms. - George Wald 1906 to 1997 Neurobiologist
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