I saw that people trying to synthesize gold and silver were working in ignorance and by false methods; I then perceived that they belonged to two classes the dupers and the duped. I pitied both of them. ~ Geber c. 712 – c. 815 AD
Suppose we have an unknown number of objects. When counted in threes 2 are left over when counted in fives 3 are left over and when counted in sevens 2 are left over. How many objects are there? ~ Sunzi The Mathematical Classic of Sunzi - Chinese mathematics problem from c. 450 AD
Adolf von Baeyer (1835–1917) Germany – a.o. Fluorescein synthetic Indigo dye Phenolphthalein.
Mikhail Lomonosov (1711–1765) Russia – night vision telescope off-axis reflecting telescope coaxial rotor re-invented smalt.
Leó Szilárd (1898–1964) Hungary/USA – Co-developed the atomic bomb patented the nuclear reactor catalyst of the Manhattan Project.
Michael Faraday (1791–1867) UK – electric transformer electric motor.
Lyman Spitzer (1914–1997) USA – Stellarator (physics).
Bernard Silver (1924–1963) together with Norman Joseph Woodland (1921–2012) USA – Barcode.
Vladimir Chelomey (1914–1984) Russia – first space station (Salyut) Proton rocket (the most used heavy lift launch system).
Philo Farnsworth (1906–1971) USA – a.o. electronic television.
Blaise Pascal (1623–1662) France – Pascal's calculator.
Ian Hector Frazer (born 1953) together with Jian Zhou (1957–1999) USA/China – HPV vaccine against cervical cancer.
Augustin-Jean Fresnel (1788–1827) France – Fresnel lens.
Min Chueh Chang (1908–1991) together with Gregory Goodwin Pincus (1903–1967) USA/China – Combined oral contraceptive pill.
George Westinghouse (1846–1914) USA – Air brake (rail).
William H. Dobelle (1943–2004) United States – first functioning artificial eye.
Herman Frasch (1851–1914) Germany / USA – Frasch process (petrochemistry) Paraffin wax purification.
Konstantin Khrenov (1894–1984) Russia – underwater welding.
Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman) (810–887) Al-Andalus – artificial wings fused quartz and silica glass metronome.
René Laennec (1781–1826) France – stethoscope.
Zheng He (1371–1433) China – Chinese treasure ship.
Karl Ferdinand Braun (1850–1918) Germany – cathode-ray tube oscilloscope.
Geometry is one and eternal shining in the mind of God. That men share in it is among the reasons that Man is the image of God. ~ Johannes Kepler 1571 – 1630 Mathematician and Astronomer
By ‘life ’ we mean a thing that can nourish itself and grow and decay. - Aristotle 384 BC to 322 BC Scientist Philosopher
Physicists being in no way different from the rest of the population have short memories for what is inconvenient. ~ Anthony Standen 1907 – 1993
Physics is very muddled again at the moment; it is much too hard for me anyway and I wish I were a movie comedian or something like that and had never heard anything about physics! ~ Wolfgang Pauli 1900 – 1958
I am busy just now again on electro-magnetism and I think I may have got hold of a good thing. ~ Michael Faraday 1791 – 1867
On the principle of successive variations not always supervening at an early age and being inherited at a corresponding not early period of life we can clearly see why the embryos of mammals birds reptiles and fishes should be so closely alike and should be so unlike the adult forms. ~ Charles Darwin 1809 to 1882 - Naturalist Evolutionary Biologist
Instead of being the biological center of the Universe I believe our planet is just an assembly station but one with a major advantage over most other places. The constant presence of liquid water almost everywhere on the Earth is a huge advantage for life especially for assembling life into complex forms by the process we call ‘evolution.’ ~ Fred Hoyle 1915 to 2001 - Astrophysicist
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