Nearly 2.5 billion years of prokaryotic cells and nothing else – two-thirds of life’s history in stasis at the lowest level of recorded complexity… Why did life remain at stage 1 for two-thirds of its history if complexity offers such benefits? ~ Stephen Jay Gould 1941 to 2002 - Paleontologist
Find the number such that if the whole of it is added to one-seventh of it the result will be nineteen. ~ The Ahmes Papyrus Ancient Egyptian mathematics problem from c. 2200 BC
Ole Kirk Christiansen (1891–1958) Denmark – creator of LEGO.
Peter Petroff (1919–2004) Bulgaria – digital wrist watch heart monitor weather instruments.
Alexey Pajitnov (born 1956) Russia/USA – Tetris.
Ted Hoff (born 1937) USA – microprocessor.
Al-Kindi (Alkindus) (801–873) Iraq/Yemen – ethanol pure distilled alcohol cryptanalysis frequency analysis.
Mario Ramberg Capecchi (born 1937) together with Sir Martin John Evans (born 1941) and Oliver Smithies (born 1925) USA – Knockout mouse Gene targeting.
Shen Kuo (1031–1095) China – improved gnomon armillary sphere clepsydra and sighting tube.
Charles Goodyear (1800–1860) USA – vulcanization of rubber.
Ira Remsen (1846–1927) USA – saccharin.
Yi Xing (683–727) China – astronomical clock.
Friedrich Wilhelm Gustav Bruhn (1853–1927) Germany – Taximeter.
Heinrich Rohrer (1933–2013) together with Gerd Binnig (1947–) Switzerland/Germany – Scanning tunneling microscope.
Marion O'Brien Donovan (1917–1998) USA – Waterproof diaper.
John W. Mauchly (1907–1980) USA – ENIAC – the first general purpose programmable digital computer.
Mark Publicover (born 1958) USA – First affordable trampoline safety net enclosure.
Margaret E. Knight (1838–1914) USA – machine that completely constructs box-bottom brown paper bags.
Svyatoslav Fyodorov (1927–2000) Russia – radial keratotomy.
Johann Maria Farina (1685–1766) Germany; Eau de Cologne.
Fyodor Blinov (1827–1902) Russia – first tracked vehicle steam-powered continuous track tractor.
Gavriil Adrianovich Tikhov (1875–1960) Russia – feathering spectrograph.
There are many ways of knocking electrons out of atoms. The simplest is to rub two surfaces together. ~ Fred Hoyle 1915 to 2001
The black holes of nature are the most perfect macroscopic objects there are in the universe: the only elements in their construction are our concepts of space and time. - Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar 1910 to 1995 Astrophysicist
Progress is made by trial and failure; the failures are generally a hundred times more numerous than the successes ; yet they are usually left unchronicled. - William Ramsay 1852 to 1916 Chemist
The literary convention that numbers less than 10 should be given in words is often highly unsuitable in mathematics… The excessive use of the word forms is regrettably spreading at the present time. ~ J.E. Littlewood 1885 – 1977 - Mathematician
This most beautiful system of the sun planets and comets could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and powerful Being. And if the fixed stars are the centres of other like systems these being formed by the like wise counsel must be all subject to the dominion of One; especially since the light of the fixed stars is of the same nature with the light of the sun. ~ Isaac Newton 1642 to 1727
Actually everything that can be known has a Number; for it is impossible to grasp anything with the mind or to recognize it without this. - Philolaus c. 470 – c. 385 BC Scientist and Philosopher
Chemists do not usually stutter. It would be very awkward if they did seeing that they have at times to get out such words as methylethylamylophenylium. ~ Sir William Crookes - 1832 to 1919
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