It is strange that only extraordinary men make the discoveries which later appear so easy and simple. - Georg C. Lichtenberg 1742 to 1799 Physicist
Science is vastly more stimulating to the imagination than the classics. - J. B. S. Haldane 1892 to 1964 Biologist
Heinrich Hertz (1857–1894) Germany – radio telegraphy electromagnetic radiation.
Arthur Fry (born 1931) USA – Post-it note.
Joseph Day (1855–1946) UK – the crankcase-compression two-stroke engine.
Jonas Edward Salk (1914–1995) USA – injection Polio vaccine.
John Wesley Hyatt (1837–1920) USA – celluloid manufacturing..
Christoph Gerber (?–) with Calvin Quate (1923–) and with Gerd Binnig (1947–) Germany/USA/Switzerland – Atomic force microscope.
George Crum (1822–1914) USA – potato chips.
Jagdish Chandra Bose (1858–1937) India – Crescograph.
Joseph Constantine Carpue (1764–1846) France – rhinoplastic surgery.
Nikola Tesla (1856–1943) Croatia/Serbia – induction motor high-voltage / high-frequency power experiments the transmission of electrical power.
Nicolas Appert (1749–1841) France – canning (food preservation) using glass bottles see also Peter Durand.
Henri Marie Coandă (1886–1972) Romania – Coandă effect of fluid dynamics Coandă-1910 world's first jet.
Robert N. Hall (born 1919) USA – a.o. Semiconductor laser.
Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman) (810–887) Al-Andalus – artificial wings fused quartz and silica glass metronome.
Georgios Papanikolaou (1883–1962) Greece / USA – Papanicolaou stain Pap test = Pap smear.
John Hadley (1682–1744) UK – Octant.
Sergey Malyutin (1859–1937) Russia – designed the first matryoshka doll (together with Vasily Zvyozdochkin).
Mikhail Mil (1909–1970) Russia – Mi-series helicopter aircraft including Mil Mi-8 (the world's most-produced helicopter) and Mil Mi-12 (the world's largest helicopter).
Lloyd Groff Copeman (1865–1956) USA – Electric stove.
Corliss Orville Burandt USA – Variable valve timing.
The invention of logarithms came to the world as a bolt from the blue. No previous work had led up to it… It stands isolated breaking in upon human thought abruptly without borrowing from the work of other intellects or following known lines of mathematical thought. ~ John Moulton 1844 – 1921 - Mathematician
I think it would be quite wrong to suggest that my colleagues have rejected me or that I reject them. Quite the reverse. It’s only a small vociferous group – mainly biologists I’m sorry to say – that go beyond ordinary scientific criticism and start becoming personal. ~ James Lovelock 1919 – present - Gaia Theorist Inventor Scientific Polymath
Everything that human beings or living animals do is done by protein molecules. And therefore the kind of proteins that one has and therefore the ability one has is determined by the genes that one has. ~ Har Gobind Khorana 1922 – 2011 - Molecular Biologist
Suppose we have an unknown number of objects. When counted in threes 2 are left over when counted in fives 3 are left over and when counted in sevens 2 are left over. How many objects are there? ~ Sunzi The Mathematical Classic of Sunzi - Chinese mathematics problem from c. 450 AD
Biology is the study of the complex things in the Universe. Physics is the study of the simple ones. ~ Richard Dawkins 1941 – present - Evolutionary Biologist
Outstanding examples of genius – a Mozart a Shakespeare or a Carl Friedrich Gauss – are markers on the path along which our species appears destined to tread. - Fred Hoyle 1915 to 2001 Astrophysicist
A theory is a supposition which we hope to be true a hypothesis is a supposition which we expect to be useful; fictions belong to the realm of art; if made to intrude elsewhere they become either make-believes or mistakes. - George Johnstone Stoney 1826 to 1911 Physicist
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