Time is the best appraiser of scientific work and I am aware that an industrial discovery rarely produces all its fruit in the hands of its first inventor. ~ Louis Pasteur - 1822 to 1895
Archimedes’ finding that the crown was of gold was a discovery; but he invented the method of determining the density of solids. Indeed discoverers must generally be inventors; though inventors are not necessarily discoverers. - William Ramsay 1852 to 1916 Chemist
Joy Mangano USA – household appliances.
Edward Teller (1908–2003) Hungary – hydrogen bomb.
Carl Friedrich Claus (c. 1883) Germany – Claus process (petrochemistry).
James Hargreaves (1720–1778) UK – spinning jenny.
Jacob Christoph Le Blon (1667–1741) Germany/UK – three and four color Color printing.
Hyman George Rickover (1900–1986) USA – Nuclear submarine.
Bhargav Sri Prakash (born 1977) India/USA - Learnification platform at FriendsLearn Virtual Reality System electromagnetic collision avoidance system OBD based in-vehicle powertrain performance measurement rate based driver controls for drive by wire systems.
Georges Lakhovsky (1869–1942) Russia/USA – Multiple Wave Oscillator.
Pavel Sukhoi (1895–1975) Russia – Su-series fighter aircraft.
Reverend Dr Robert Stirling (1790–1878) Scotland – Stirling engine.
Vint Cerf (born 1943) together with Bob Kahn (1938–) USA – Internet Protocol (IP).
Norman Gaylord (1923–2007) USA – rigid gas-permeable contact lens.
Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius) (853-929) Syria/Turkey – observation tube.
Guglielmo Marconi (1874–1937) Italy – radio telegraphy.
Igor Tamm (1895–1971) Russia – co-developer of tokamak.
Léon Serpollet (1858–1907) France – Flash boiler Gardner-Serpollet steam car.
Maurice Hilleman (1919–2005) – vaccines against childhood diseases.
John Hays Hammond Jr. (1888–1965) USA – radio control.
William Cumberland Cruikshank (1745–1800) UK – chlorinated water.
Charles Wheatstone (1802–1875) UK – a.o. concertina stereoscope microphone Playfair cipher pseudoscope dynamo.
Benjamin Franklin performed a beautiful experiment using surfactants; on a pond at Clapham Common he poured a small amount of oleic acid a natural surfactant which tends to form a dense film at the water-air interface. He measured the volume required to cover all the pond. Knowing the area he then knew the height of the film something like three nanometers in our current units. ~ Pierre-Gilles de Gennes 1932 to 2007
Chemistry begins in the stars. The stars are the source of the chemical elements which are the building blocks of matter and the core of our subject. ~ Peter Atkins - 1940 to present
Dr. Ikemoto repeatedly told me that we should not perform research that simply reproduced somebody else’s results. Rather we should do something unique and new. ~ Shinya Yamanaka 1962 to Present - Stem Cell Biologist
A fact acquires its true and full value only through the idea which is developed from it. ~ Justus von Liebig - 1803 to 1873
Although Nature needs thousands or millions of years to create a new species man needs only a few dozen years to destroy one. ~ Victor Scheffer 1906 to 2011 - Biologist
In my experience most mathematicians are intellectually lazy and especially dislike reading experimental papers. ~ Francis Crick 1916 – 2004 - Molecular Biologist
Did the genome of our cave-dwelling predecessors contain a set or sets of genes which enable modern man to compose music of infinite complexity and write novels with profound meaning? …It looks as though the early Homo was already provided with the intellectual potential which was in great excess of what was needed to cope with the environment of his time.” - Susumu Ohno 1928 to 2000 Geneticist
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